Stay 19 : Ecotourism in Bulgaria and in Turkey

Stay 19 : Ecotourism in Bulgaria and in Turkey.

Occidental Route

Stage 19/35 - 324 kms

0 km Shumen

85 kms Varna

117 kms Burgas

122 kms Kirklareli

carte Shumen a Kirklareil

Shumen : An important Bulgaria city

The city of Shumen was founded 3200 years ago. A special active culture and educational activities developed during Bulgaria’s golden age when the city was called Simeonis. From its creation until the 15th century, the city was situated in the region of the Shumen fortress, which explains the well-made complex of public and culture buildings. After Bulgaria’s liberation from the Turkish rule, Shumen was the centre of the region or the district during every administrative partition with two brief exceptions - after 9th September 1944 applicable for two years, and from 1987 with the introduction of new regions in Bulgaria.

Varna : Bulgaria’s maritime capital

Ecotourisme en Bulgarie à Varna

Varna Bulgaria
© NiKu -

Varna’s origins date back to almost five millennia. The modern city is both a shipyard and port of incoming navy cargo and a riviera town visited by tourists of all nationalities. It is a cosmopolitan and maritime place to see unfold the Baroque, turn-of-the-century and contemporary architecture pleasantly blended with shady promenades and a beautiful seaside garden. The oldest gold treasure in the world was discovered in 1972 near the port of Varna. An ancient necropolis with 280 tombs and 3010 golden objects were found weighing a total of 6 kg. Today Varna is the largest city on Bulgaria’s Black Sea coast and the main port for both naval and commercial shipping.

Varna is the host city of many prestigious cultural events. The city lies in the Varna Bay, nestled in a deep valley between the Frengen Plateau and the Avren Plateau. The city’s structure resembles an amphitheatre as it follows the contours of the Varna Bay. It is surrounded by gardens, vineyards and groves. During the occupation by Turkish forces in the last decades of the 19th century, Varna retained its significance as a port and trade centre. As Bulgaria fell under the Ottoman yoke regime, the only bearers of the Bulgarian cultural tradition remained in the folklore, the people’s festivities, and the church paintings. Varna lies on the same latitude as the famous Atlantic resorts Bayonne and Biarritz in France, on a large, flat and high terrace on the most north-western curve of the bay which juts some 7 km inland.

Burgas : Cultural tourist city

Ecotourisme en Bulgarie à Burgas

Burgas Bulgaria

Burgas  is the second-largest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.  It is the capital of the Burgas Province and an important industrial, cultural tourist and transport centre. The city is surrounded by the Burgas lakes and located at the westernmost tip of the Black Sea, at the large Burgas Bay. The Port of Burgas is Bulgaria’s largest port and the Burgas Airport is the country’s second-most important. Burgas is the centre of Bulgarian fishing and fish processing industry. Burgas also hosts annual national exhibitions and international festivals.

Kırklareli : Go back to Paleolithic and Neolothic period ?

Kırklareli is the capital of Kırklareli Province, in Eastern Thrace, on the European part of Turkey. The province has a coastline on the Black Sea. Ongoing archaeological excavations in the city support the claim that the area was the site of one of the first organized settlements on the European continent with artefacts from the Palaeolithic and Neolithic times. The settlement and its surroundings were conquered by the Persians in 513–512 BC, under the reign of King Darius I. In 914 during the Bulgarian invasion in Adrianopol led by Simeon I, the settlement was captured by the Bulgarians and was under Bulgarian domination until 1003 when it was lost against the Byzantines. The Ottoman Turks took the city and its region from the Byzantines in 1363.

Turkey : An historical sites break

Ecotourism in Turkey is focused largely on a variety of historical sites as well as on seaside resorts along its Aegean and Mediterranean Sea coasts. Over the recent years, Turkey has also become a popular destination for culture, spa, and health tourism. In 2011, Turkey attracted more than 31,5 million foreign tourists. Foreign tourist arrivals increased significantly in Turkey between 2002 and 2005, that is from 12 800 000 to 21 200 000, which makes Turkey a top-10 destination in the world for foreign visitors. In 2011, Turkey ranked as Europe’s 4th most popular tourist destination, according to the WTO world tourism barometer.

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