Stay 20 : Ecotourism in Turkey, discover the Black Sea

Stay 20 : Ecotourism in Turkey, discover the Black Sea.

Occidental Route

Stage 20/35 - 219 kms


0 km Kirklareli

77 kms Saray

110 kms Gokturk

32 kms Istanbul

carte Kirklareil a Istanbul

Kirklareli : Ecotourism in Turkey to Kirklareli a tourist destination to be absolutely discovered

Kirklareli is a province of the northwest of Turkey, on the west coast of the Black Sea. The province is crossed by the mountain range Yildiz. The north parts are dominated by forests. Consequently, the forest reserve is a mattering way to live in these domains. Dupnisa cave is a famous natural attraction and geological. Long Coast offer the most beautiful beaches. Saka Gölü in the North and Kasatura Korfezi are two zones of nature reserves. Two ecotourism sites with ecosystems and several species.

Saray : an authentic medieval city of Turkey

Saray was the name of two cities which have been successively capital cities of the Golden Horde, the Mongol kingdom that ruled Russia and a great part of central Asia in the 13th and 14th centuries. They were among the medieval world’s largest cities, with a population estimated at 600,000.

Gokturk : a nomadic city rich in culture and history

The Gokturk was a nomadic confederation of Turkish-speaking peoples in medieval Inner Asia. This city, under the leadership of Bumin Qaghan and his sons, discovered that the Rouran was the main power in the region and created the First Turkish Empire which grew rapidly to rule vast territories in Central Asia. The Turkish people had numerous interactions with the various dynasties based in northern China, and for significant periods, exercised considerable control over the profitable Silk Road trade. The First Turkish Empire collapsed in 581 and fifty years later, Kutlugh established the second Turkish Empire which ruled a large part of the eastern section of the former First Turkish Empire.

Istanbul : a very famous tourist destination

Ecotourisme en Turquie à Istanbul

Istanbul Turkey
© FOTOALEM - Fotolia.com

Between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea, its commercial is situated in Europe. Its strategic position along the famous silk roads got an important place in economic development. Istanbul is considered as the 5th tourist destination most popular in the wold. Approximately 11,6 million foreign visitors arrived in Istanbul in 2012, two years after it was named a European Capital of Culture, making the city the world’s fifth-most-popular tourist destination The city’s greatest attraction remains its historic centre, partially listed as a World Heritage Site, but its cultural heritage and its entertainment centre can be found across the city’s natural harbour, the Golden Horn, in the Beyoğlu district.  Considered a global city, Istanbul is one of the fastest-growing metropolitan economies in the world. It houses the headquarters of many Turkish companies.

Istanbul’s historic areas

The historic areas of Istanbul were added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1985. The designation includes sites such as the Hagia Sophia, the Topkapi Palace, the Galata Bridge and the Mosque of Suleymaniye the Magnificent, and it is divided in four zones namely the Archaeological Park, at the tip of the Bosporus peninsula; the quarter of Suleymaniye the Magnificent; the Zeyrek quarter and the ramparts zone. Although the four zones are quite near to each other. The most important is the archaeological park, a region known to most visitors. If possible, you should schedule two days to explore all what this region has to offer.

On the first day, start by the 6th century with Hagia Sophia, followed by the Blue Mosque and Constantine’s old hippodrome. Then, spend the second day at the Ottoman sultans’ ancient residence, the Topkapi Palace, and if you have time also visit the underground Basilica Cistern. Just to the west of Sultanahmet, the area houses the 4th century Mosque of Suleymaniye the Magnificent. The Valens aqueduct, the Sehzade and Süleymaniye Mosques were both commissioned by Suleyman the Magnificent and designed by famous imperial architect Sinan.

Istanbul : Church of Our Lady of Lourdes

A community of Georgians from the Caucasus founded the Church of Our Lady of Lourdes in 1861. It was restored in 1901 and currently needs repair. Surrounded by superb gardens and buildings belonging to the community including a Catholic school, it contains several tombstones outside and inside the church with inscriptions in Georgian. The Catholic congregation today is mainly made up of Turks.

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