Stage 12 : Tourism and Different travel in Poland

Stage 12 : Tourism and Different travel in Poland.

CENTRAL ROUTE

Stage 12/24 - 319 kms


0 km Vrchlabi

74 kms Gory Stolowe

147 kms Opole

98 kms Czestochowa

carte Vrchlabi a Czestochowa

Tourism in Vrchlabi : The Renaissance castle

VRCHLABI - Czech Republic

VRCHLABI - Czech Republic © adogg - Fotolia.com

Vrchlabi a green and amazing city was originally “a mountain town” that had the most developed ironworks in the Czech countries. A town with almost fourteen thousand inhabitants can please even the most demanding visitors with its numerous accommodations, guesthouses and services in sport and culture. The town’s dominant feature is the Renaissance castle with four octagonal towers and a big hall with an arch which is adorned with pictures of the four last bears caught in the Giant Mountains. In the Augustinian monastery you can see the richly carved altar and the beautiful ceiling fresco. Now it serves as a concert hall. Also the tower of St Lawrence’s church, very unusual, built of white and red sandstone in the Neo-Gothic style. The complex of three gabled houses with arcade is part of the oldest original folk buildings and nowadays there is the Giant Mountains museum with an information centre.

Gór Stolowych National Park

The Gór Stolowych National Park includes the Polish section of the Stołowe Mountains also known as Table Mountains, which are part of the Sudetes range. It is located in south-western Poland, near the border with the Czech Republic. Established in 1993, the park covers an area of 63.39 square kilometres, including 57.79 km² of forests. The Stołowe Mountains landscape started to take shape 70 million years ago. Several notable rock formations are present, among them Kwoka, Wielblad and Glowa wielkoluda. Also, there is a sophisticated system of corridors which creates rock labyrinths. There are peat bogs, including one zone listed as a strictly protected area in 1959. In the park’s forested areas there are deer, red deer, wild pigs, squirrels, and hedgehogs, many birds and reptiles including lizards and grass snakes.

Opole : tourism and the annual national festival

OPOLE - Poland

OPOLE - Poland © stepmar - Fotolia.com

Opole is a city in southern Poland on the Oder. It hosts the annual national Festival of Polish Song. The city is also known for its 10th century Church of St. Adalbert and the 14th century Church of the Holy Cross. After the end of the Second World War, in 1945, Oppeln was transferred from Germany to Poland according to the Potsdam Conference, and was given its original Slavic name of Opole. Unlike other parts of the Regained Territories, Opole and the surrounding region’s native population remained and were not forcibly expelled as elsewhere. Over a million Silesians considering themselves Poles or as such were allowed to stay. It meant declaring Polish nationality and an oath of allegiance to the Polish nation. In the later years many of them left for West Germany to flee the communist Eastern Bloc.

A trip in Częstochowa : a pilgrimage and a very lively city

Częstochowa is a city in south Poland on the Warta River with nearly 240 027 inhabitants. It is known for the famous Pauline monastery of Jasna Góra, which is home to the Black Madonna painting, a shrine dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Every year, millions of pilgrims from all over the world come to Częstochowa to see it.  The city also was home to the Frankism in the late 18th and 19th century. There is also a Lusatian culture excavation site and the city’s museum and the ruins of a medieval castle in Olsztyn, approximately 25 kilometres from the city centre. Presently the city is one of the area’s main tourist attractions. A pilgrimage for tourists every year.  Częstochowa’s Black Madonna, at the Jasna Góra Monastery, is a particularly popular attraction.

Our Lady of Częstochowa

The Jasna Góra monastery in Częstochowa, Poland, is the world’s third largest Catholic pilgrimage site. Home to the beloved miraculous icon of Our Lady of Częstochowa, the monastery is also Poland’s national shrine and the centre of Polish Catholicism. According to tradition, the icon of Jasna Góra was painted by Luke the Evangelist on a tabletop built by Jesus himself and the icon was discovered by St. Helen, mother of Emperor Constantine and collector of Christian relics in the Holy Land. The icon was then enshrined in the imperial city of Constantinople. In 803, the painting is believed to have been given as a wedding gift from the Byzantine emperor to a Greek princess, who married a Ruthenian nobleman. The image was then kept in the royal palace at Belz, where it remained for almost 600 years.

King John Casimir declared in 1656 Our Lady of Częstochowa “Queen of Poland” and made the city the nation’s spiritual capital. The Virgin again came to the assistance of her people in 1920, when the Soviet Russian Red Army gathered on the banks of the Vistula River, getting ready to attack Warsaw. The citizens and soldiers prayed fervently to Our Lady of Częstochowa. On 15 September, the Feast of Our Lady of Sorrows, she appeared in the clouds above Warsaw. The Russians were defeated in a series of battles later known as the “Miracle at the Vistula”. After Poland was liberated, millions of people went on pilgrimage to Częstochowa to express their gratitude. On 8 September 1946, a large gathering was held at the shrine to rededicate the entire nation to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

Practical Services

Opole : Apartamenty Orbi-House

Opole : Apartamenty Centrum

Opole : Hotel Starka

Opole : Piano Hotel Restaurant & Pub

Częstochowa : Beautiful room with a soul

Częstochowa : Apartamenty Częstochowa

Częstochowa : Hotel Wenecki

Częstochowa : Hotel Constancja

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